While rabbits may be one of the most fertile species on earth, we humans are at the opposite end of the spectrum. Women are in a state of fertility for just a few days out of the month, and the success rate of becoming pregnant decreases with age. Learn the basics of conception to determine how you can increase your chances of having a baby.
Just the facts
According to the American Society for Reproductive Medicine, in any given month, there is only a 20 percent chance that a woman will conceive. That statistic applies to young women around the age of 30 years old. However, by the age of 40, the probability plummets to approximately 5 percent.
As a general rule, if a young woman tries to get pregnant for six months and doesn't succeed, either she or her male partner could be infertile. If you and your partner are in this predicament, it may be time to seek medical help. If you're over the age of 35, six months without conception is enough time to consider consulting an Atlanta-area fertility specialist.
There are many factors that determine the ability to conceive, and even couples with children are not immune to infertility problems in subsequent conception efforts.
As a general rule, one-third of conception issues are related to the woman, one-third are related to the man, and the remaining one-third can be a combination of factors or the result of explained causes.
In women, infertility can be caused by chemotherapy, STDs, miscarriages, endometriosis, or other health issues, such as high blood pressure or diabetes.
In men, infertility can be the result of chemotherapy, STDs, testicular problems, high blood pressure, or diabetes.
It is also possible that he may be producing little or no sperm. That's why it is important for both partners to be evaluated by an Atlanta-area OB-GYN to perform tests that can reveal any conception problems.
An OB-GYN can perform several tests to evaluate the following:
- The proper hormonal level for conception to take place
- The condition and amount of the male's sperm
- The condition of the female's ovaries and fallopian tubes
After reviewing the test results, your OB-GYN can determine if you may benefit from hormone treatments or assisted reproduction techniques, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), or intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).