What masonry terms should I know?

See this glossary of masonry terms so you'll know how to talk the talk when you call a masonry contractor.
Before you meet with masonry professionals, brush up on some basic terminology that will help you understand the contractor and ask appropriate questions.

Substances that allow two or more surfaces to be bonded to one another. Common adhesives include tapes, sprays, glues, and pastes for use with concrete, brick, tile, and stone.

Angle Iron
A length of steel or iron bent at a right angle along its long dimension and used as a support or structural framework.

Asphalt Sealer
Provides a water- and weather-resistant coating to asphalt surfaces such as driveways and walkways.

Building Stone
Describes masonry products that are suitable for building structures such as building foundations and walls.

A flexible material used to seal exterior cracks and openings commonly found around windows or foundations.

A powdered substance made of lime and clay that is mixed with water and sand to make mortar (an adhesive) or with water, sand, and gravel to make concrete.

An artificial stone-like building material composed of sand, gravel, cement, and water.

Concrete Sealers
Prevents water and dirt from seeping into concrete by making the concrete less porous, helping to extend the life of residential and commercial concrete projects.

Cultured Stone
A brand name that is often used to refer to manufactured stone veneer products suitable for both interior projects (such as fireplaces) and exterior projects (such as exterior cladding for houses).

Serves as an environmental-friendly alternative to traditional jointing and sealing products. Its natural crushed stone and sand blends form an organic binder that can be used to fill paver joints and seal stone pathways.

Epoxy Adhesives
Two-part adhesives of various strengths used to bond materials such as wood, metal, or composite materials.

Expansion Joints
Fiber strips that are inserted between concrete blocks, bricks, or concrete paving to prevent concrete from cracking during temperature changes. The joints allow for small expansion and contraction movements to occur without causing damage to the concrete.

A mechanical device used in most masonry projects that joins or affixes two or more objects together.

Flue Liners
Fire-resistant materials that line the space of passage in a chimney or pipe through which smoke, gas, or fumes ascend. Flue liners are generally made of clay, terra-cotta pipe, or stainless steel and may be round or square.

Glass Block
A decorative, hollow, building block made of glass and generally used to form a semi-translucent window or wall for interior projects such as showers or non-load bearing walls. Glass block windows and walls are made up of many small cubes of glass attached to one another.

Hanson Brick
North America's largest brick manufacturer. Carries more than 1,000 styles of brick for use in residential and architectural projects, including exterior building cladding, patios, walkways, and walls as well as interior brick fireplaces.

Landscape Products
Includes paving stone, natural stone, and manufactured stone products used for exterior projects such as walkways, driveways, patios, steps, and walls.

Marble Slabs
Metamorphosed limestone composed of calcite. Often swirled with color for use as a decorative building material for internal or external residential and commercial projects.

Masonry Reinforcing
Products include ties and anchors used to tie masonry walls to steel, concrete, brick, or other masonry products.

Mortar Colors
Finely-ground iron oxide pigments manufactured for use as a coloring medium in mortar. For use in adding color to brick mortar or stucco to match, compliment, or contrast brick, block, or stone.

Natural Stone
Used to differentiate non-manufactured stone products such as limestone, travertine, marble, and granite from human-made "cultured stone" products. Natural stone products are suitable for both interior projects (such as fireplaces) and exterior projects (such as exterior cladding for houses).

Patio Slabs
Pre-assembled slabs of stone, concrete, or brick that can be laid down to form outdoor patios.

Repair Mortars
Patching materials used to make structural repairs to any concrete, masonry, or stucco surface. Repair mortars are normally powdery substances mixed with water that harden after being applied to a surface.

Sealers and Sealants
Used to protect concrete and masonry surfaces from dirt, oil, and chemicals. Forms a clear or glossy seal over the surface.

Silica Sand
High-purity sand often used in the preparation of concrete.

A fine-grained metamorphic rock that can be split into thin, smooth layers or sheets for interior and exterior applications such as patios, walkways, pool decks, shower stalls, flooring, hearths, mantles, and table tops.

Stone Siding
Applied to exterior building walls to give the appearance of a solid stone or brick wall.

A fine plaster or cement used as a coating for walls or for decoration.

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